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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10353/175

Title: The importance of communal rangelands : a case study of three districts in Zimbabwe
Authors: Muregerera, Hilda
Keywords: Communal rangelands
Rural livelihood
Overgrazing
Subsistence farming
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: University of Fort Hare
Abstract: Communal rangelands are an important source of livelihoods goods and services to many households that reside in the rural areas. Communal rangelands are one of the main sources of income and energy for the local households in the rural areas of Zimbabwe. It contributes a major share in the rural household livelihoods, although most of the goods and services do not enter the formal markets. The focus of this study is to analyse the importance of communal rangelands to the local household in Zimbabwe. Communal rangelands are continually under threat from the increasing human and animal population and the lack of management. This study was carried out in three districts, which are in three different agro-ecological regions of Zimbabwe. The first district was Seke and the communal rangeland chosen is in natural region 2, in the Mutoko region, the communal rangelands chosen were in natural region 3 and, lastly, in the Chiredzi district, the communal rangelands focused were in natural region 5. A baseline household survey of 165 households was conducted in addition to participatory methods such as focus group discussions, key informant interview and wealth ranking exercise. Farm gate values of products derived from the communal rangelands were used to show the importance of communal rangelands. The most important use of the communal rangelands was the provision of fuelwood. All interviewed household indicated that the collected fuelwood from the communal rangelands. Communal rangelands were reported to be important for the provision of edible plants, construction purposes and for livestock production. For goods and services that are not quantifiable such as ecology, recreation, cultural purposes and future purposes, the importance were shown by the use of contingent ranking and scoring. Results from this exercised showed that the households ranked fuelwood as the most important resource derived from the communal rangeland. The OLS was used to explore the impact of different variables that determine the scores or values placed on communal rangeland goods and products. Several household characteristics and economic variables were found affecting the values of communal rangelands in a given year. Age of household head, education level of household head, household size, livestock owned by the household and agro-ecological region were found to influence the values placed on communal rangelands by household. The study showed that the communal rangelands were important for the provision of a variety of goods some of which are consumed by household members, used for the construction of huts, granaries, cattle pens and fences, for medicine used for both human beings and livestock, energy sources and manufacturing of household implements and production tools. This study provides insights of the different uses of communal rangeland goods and services to local households. However, more research needs to be done to determine the level of sustainable harvest of these goods and their interlinkages.
Description: Thesis (PhD.) (Agric. Economics) -- University of Fort Hare, 2008
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10353/175
Appears in Collections:Theses and Dissertations (Agri Economics and Extension)

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Muregerera H thesis cover.pdfCover page61.72 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap1.pdfChapter 161.85 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap2.pdfChapter 2148.2 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap3.pdfChapter 3101.93 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap4.pdfChapter 460 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap5.pdfChapter 5275.96 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap6.pdfChapter 690.76 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap7.pdfChapter 7141.3 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap8.pdfChapter 8103.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis chap9.pdfChapter 942.45 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis appendix.pdfAppendix487.54 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Muregerera H thesis reference.pdfReferences122.15 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
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